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Foreknowledge

Thus far, we have considered the various attributes which belong to God as a spirit—because He is uncreated, so He is spiritual, simple, immutable, infinite, immense, omnipresent and eternal; because He is active, so He is living and omnipotent. We now proceed to look at those perfections which are ascribed to God as an intelligent spirit. If God is said to have a “mind” and “understanding” (Rom 11:34; Is 40:28), then the attributes of “knowledge” and “wisdom” go together. Let us consider the knowledge, or omniscience, of God.

I. The Fact of God’s Omniscience.

That knowledge belongs to the TriUne Jehovah may be proved by the several attributes of God.

1. The Infinity of God.

Since God is unlimited and unbounded as to space, so He is omnipresent; since He is unbounded as to time, so He is eternal; since He is unbounded as to power, so He is omnipotent; since He is unbounded as to…

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The Divine Wisdom and Foreknowledge of God.

I.—With respect to the Divine Wisdom and Foreknowledge, I shall lay down the following positions:—

Position 1.—God is, and always was so perfectly wise, that nothing ever did, or does, or can elude His knowledge. He knew, from all eternity, not only what He Himself intended to do, but also what He would incline and permit others to do. “Known unto God are all His works from eternity ” (Acts 15:18).

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IV.—On the contrary, reprobation denotes either (1) God’s eternal pretention of some men, when He chose others to glory, and His predestination of them to fill up the measure of their iniquities and then to receive the just punishment of their crimes, even “destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power.” This is the primary, most obvious and most frequent sense in which the word is used. It may likewise signify (2) God’s forbearing to call by His grace those whom He hath thus ordained to condemnation, but this is only a temporary pretention, and a consequence of that which was from eternity. (3) And, lastly, the word may be taken . . .

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