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Perfections

Before looking into the perfections of the Godhead, it is proper to begin with a consideration of His names. Now, properly speaking, there is no need to identify God by a name. Not only is He incomprehensible, and therefore transcends the restrictions of a label, but since He is the one and only true God, it is unnecessary to distinguish Him from others. Henceforth, Plato observes that God has no name, and frequently calls Him, “The Being”. Even Moses, when asking the Lord what he should say to the children of Israel, should they ask the name of Him that sent him to them, was told by God, “I am that I am”—that is, I am the eternal Being, the Being of beings, of which the name Jehovah is expressive. Nevertheless, there are names attributed to God throughout the scriptures, taken from one or other of His attributes, which are worthy of notice. After all, is it not the names of persons and things that are usually the first that are known of them? And, if these names are not known…

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Since God is an uncreated spirit, He is therefore simple, immutable, infinite, omnipresent and eternal. Having considered these attributes, we proceed to look at those divine perfections that are true of Him as an active and operative spirit. The two attributes that belong to all active spirits are life and power. However, these are true of God in an infinite measure—since He is all act, so He has life in Himself and His power is almighty. We shall now consider the life of God.

Some believe this is not a single perfection of the Godhead, but is expressive of all the divine perfections. Indeed, this is true, for as it is His nature and essence, so it is Himself. This applies equally to every other attribute—each perfection is one with His nature and essence. However, the finiteness of our minds require we view…

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Thus far, we have considered the various attributes which belong to God as a spirit—because He is uncreated, so He is spiritual, simple, immutable, infinite, immense, omnipresent and eternal; because He is active, so He is living and omnipotent. We now proceed to look at those perfections which are ascribed to God as an intelligent spirit. If God is said to have a “mind” and “understanding” (Rom 11:34; Is 40:28), then the attributes of “knowledge” and “wisdom” go together. Let us consider the knowledge, or omniscience, of God.

I. The Fact of God’s Omniscience.

That knowledge belongs to the TriUne Jehovah may be proved by the several attributes of God.

1. The Infinity of God.

Since God is unlimited and unbounded as to space, so He is omnipresent; since He is unbounded as to time, so He is eternal; since He is unbounded as to power, so He is omnipotent; since He is unbounded as to…

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We continue to look at those perfections which are ascribed to God as an intelligent spirit. Since God is said to have a “mind” and “understanding” (Rom 11:34; Is 40:28), then the attributes of “knowledge” and “wisdom” go together. We turn to the subject of God’s wisdom. This is a more focused attribute than that of knowledge, since it is the judicious application of knowledge, not only in the choice of the best means, but also in the selection of the best ends and purposes.

Now, no one that believes in the being of a God, can admit the least doubt that He is possessed of consummate and infinite wisdom. An unwise Being cannot be God. Pythagoras says, “No man is wise but God only.” That “with Him is wisdom”, is frequently asserted in the sacred scriptures (Job 12:12,13; Dan 2:20,21). Indeed, if ancient men, having had a large experience of things by their longevity of life, are expected to be wise, then how much more must it be with Him, who is “the ancient of days”? Yea, such wisdom in God must be infinite, for He is from everlasting to everlasting.

(1) He is the only wise God.

No less than three times is God said to be “the only wise God” (Rom 16:27; 1 Tim 1:17; Jude 25). This is a statement of comparison with the creatures, which when measured by the infinite capacity of the Creator, have no wisdom. Take, for instance, the…

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Observations on the Divine Attributes, Necessary to be Premised, in Order to Our Better Understanding the Doctrine of Predestination.

Although the great and ever-blessed God is a being absolutely simple and infinitely remote from all shadow of composition, He is, nevertheless, in condescension to our weak and contracted faculties, represented in Scripture as possessed of divers Properties, or Attributes, which, though seemingly different from His Essence, are in reality essential to Him, and constitutive of His very Nature.

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Harmony of the Perfections of God: Romans 3:26: “To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.”

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